Richard Macwan


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Richard Macwan is a senior researcher with the Energy Security and Resilience Center. His work is focused on cyber-physical systems security of electric grids and smart grid technologies, providing expertise at the intersection of cybersecurity and power systems. Macwan's primary research interests include the development of physics-based algorithms and technologies for increasing the cyber resilience of power grids, as well as the development of realistic cyber-physical test bed environments for the assessment of such technologies. Prior to NREL, Macwan was a senior research engineer at the Information Trust Institute, where he led research efforts on projects funded by the U.S. Department of Energy that aimed to detect and mitigate the potential impact of cyber-related threats to power grids. Additionally, Macwan served as the lead power research engineer for the Cyber-Physical Experimentation Environment for a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency program that aimed to enable blackstart recovery of the power grid from a national scale cyberattack on the U.S. energy sector's critical infrastructure. Macwan has been involved in a wide range of research efforts in power systems—from analyzing the impact of geo-magnetic disturbance to the generation of synthetic power grid models for research and experimentation. 

Research Interests

Physics-based algorithms and technologies for cyber resilience of power grids

Cyber-physical test bed environments

Professional Experience

Senior research engineer – power, Information Trust Institute, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign (2013–2020)

Research assistant, Polytechnic Institute of New York University (2011–2012)

Assistant manager of electrical engineering, Essar Engineering Services Ltd. (2008–2009)

Education/Academic Qualification

Bachelor, Electrical Engineering, Gujarat University

Master, Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University


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