2011 Cost of Wind Energy Review

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report describes the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for a typical land-based wind turbine installed in the United States in 2011, as well as the modeled LCOE for a fixed-bottom offshore wind turbine installed in the United States in 2011. Each of the four major components of the LCOE equation are explained in detail, such as installed capital cost, annual energy production, annual operatingexpenses, and financing, and including sensitivity ranges that show how each component can affect LCOE. These LCOE calculations are used for planning and other purposes by the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Program.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages50
StatePublished - 2013

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5000-56266


  • 2011 COE
  • COE
  • cost of energy
  • LCOE
  • levelized cost of energy (LCOE)
  • NREL
  • offshore wind
  • wind energy
  • wind energy finance


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