2021 Cost of Wind Energy Review

Research output: NRELPresentation


This analysis uses representative utility-scale and distributed wind energy projects to estimate the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for land-based, offshore, and distributed wind power in the United States. Data and results detailed here are derived from 2021 commissioned plants and representative industry data as well as state-of-the-art modeling capabilities. Modeling is conducted to provide more granular detail on specific cost categories. This study represents the 11th annual installment and is intended to provide insight into current component-level costs as well as a basis for understanding variability in wind energy LCOE across the country.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages65
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5000-84774


  • distributed wind
  • land-based wind
  • levelized cost of energy
  • offshore wind


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