A 2023 Perspective: What Is the Value of Hybridization?

Matthew Kotarbinski, Brinn McDowell, Jonty Katz, Genevieve Starke, Nicholas Riccobono

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report takes a wind developer's perspective and provides a summary of the current and future state of hybrid facilities, and ultimately seeks to answer the question: "Are hybrid power plants a pivotal tool for meeting future energy and decarbonization targets?" The intention is not to provide an in-depth system-level technical analysis of hybrid facilities, but to showcase a high-level overview of the hybrid facility ecosystem and its potential future directions. Lastly, the authors acknowledge and recognize that non-renewable generation technologies can be integrated into a hybrid facility, however these technologies are outside the scope of this report.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages55
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5000-87824


  • HPPs
  • hybrid energy systems
  • hybrid facilities
  • hybrid power plants
  • hybrids
  • variable renewable energy resources


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