A Comparison of Time Series Gap-Filling Methods to Impute Solar Radiation Data

Alexis Denhard, Soutir Bandyopadhyay, Aron Habte, Manajit Sengupta

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Complete solar resource datasets play a critical role at every stage of solar project phases. However, measured or modeled solar resource data come with significant uncertainties and usually suffer from several issues, including but not limited to, data gaps, data quality issue, etc. In order to mitigate these issues an appropriate data imputation method should be implemented to build a complete and reliable temporal (and spatial) database. Being motivated by this, in this study we compare the performances of eight different gap filling methods extensively by creating random and artificial data gaps in (i) hourly irradiance data for one year using a few locations of the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB) and (ii) one-minute ground measurement dataset from Surface Radiation Budget Network (SURFRAD) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) stations.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2021
EventSWC 2021: ISES Solar World Congress -
Duration: 25 Oct 202129 Oct 2021


ConferenceSWC 2021: ISES Solar World Congress

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5D00-81248 for preprint

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5D00-84009


  • clearness index
  • gap fill
  • Global horizontal irradiance
  • time series


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