A Dynamic Model of Wind Turbine Yaw for Active Farm Control

Genevieve Starke, Charles Meneveau, Jennifer King, Dennice Gayme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a graph-based dynamic yaw model to predict the dynamic response of the hub-height velocities and the power of a wind farm to a change in yaw. The model builds on previous work where the turbines define the nodes of the graph and the edges represent the interactions between turbines. Advances associated with the dynamic yaw model include a novel analytical description of the deformation of wind turbine wakes under yaw to represent the velocity deficits and a more accurate representation of the interturbine travel time of wakes. The accuracy of the model is improved by coupling it with time- and space-dependent estimates of the wind farm inflow based on real-time data from the wind farm. The model is validated both statically and dynamically using large-eddy simulations. An application of the model is presented that incorporates the model into an optimal control loop to control the farm power output.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalWind Energy
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-87018


  • controls oriented modeling
  • dynamic yaw
  • wind energy
  • wind farm modeling
  • wind turbine yaw
  • yaw control


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