A Generalized Wind Turbine Cross Section as a Reduced-Order Model to Gain Insights in Blade Aeroelastic Challenges: Article No. 022005

E. Branlard, J. Jonkman, J. Porter, G. Vijayakumar, B. Jonkman, M. Singh, E. Mayda, K. Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, we present an approach to study the aeroelastic stability of a wind turbine by focusing on the dynamics of a blade cross section. We present a methodology to obtain a reduced-order model of the blade dynamics in the form of generalized cross-sectional quantities that approximates the aerodynamic and structural properties of the full blade. The motivation for the work is to gain a physical understanding of the influence of aerodynamic models such as dynamic wake and dynamic stall on the frequency and damping of the structure using a reduced-order model with low computational cost. The model may be coupled to two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics softwares or engineering unsteady airfoil aerodynamics models accounting for dynamic wake and dynamic stall. In the latter case, we can obtain monolithic state-space forms of the aeroelastic system of equations, which simplifies the determination of the modal parameters and therefore the study of stability. The work investigates wind turbines in operation or at standstill, where vortex-induced vibrations and stall-induced vibrations, respectively, might be an issue. The implementation is made available as part of the open-source Python package WELIB and as part of the open-source unsteady aerodynamic driver of OpenFAST.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume2767
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-88163

Keywords

  • aeroelasticity
  • airfoil
  • stability
  • unsteady aerodynamics

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