A Landau-Devonshire Analysis of Strain Effects on Ferroelectric Al1-xScxN: Article No. 042902

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Abstract

We present a thermodynamic analysis of the recently discovered nitride ferroelectric materials using the classic Landau-Devonshire approach. Electrostrictive and dielectric stiffness coefficients of Al1-xScxN with a wurtzite structure (6 mm) are determined using a free energy density function assuming a hexagonal parent phase (6/mmm), with the first-order phase transition based on the dielectric stiffness relationships. The results of this analysis show that the strain sensitivity of the energy barrier is one order of magnitude larger than that of the spontaneous polarization in these wurtzite ferroelectrics, yet both are less sensitive to strain compared to classic perovskite ferroelectrics. These analysis results reported here explain experimentally reported sensitivity of the coercive field to elastic strain/stress in Al1-xScxN films and would enable further thermodynamic analysis via phase field simulation and related methods.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume121
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-82873

Keywords

  • ferroelectrics
  • Landau-Devonshire model
  • nitride
  • wurtzite

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