A Library of Vinyl Phosphonate Anions Dimerize with Cyanostars, Form Supramolecular Polymers and Undergo Statistical Sorting

Yusheng Chen, Anastasia Kuvayskaya, Maren Pink, Alan Sellinger, Amar Flood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Supramolecular dimers are elementary units allowing the build-up of multi-molecule architectures. New among these are cyanostar-stabilized dimers of phosphate and phosphonate anions. While the anion dimerization at the heart of these assemblies is reliable, the covalent synthesis leading to this class of designer anions serves as a bottleneck in the pathway to supramolecular assemblies. Herein, we demonstrate the reliable synthesis of 14 diverse anionic monomers by Heck coupling between vinyl phosphonic acid and aryl bromide compounds. When this synthesis is combined with reliable anion dimerization, we show formation of supramolecular dimers and polymers by co-assembly with cyanostar macrocycles. The removal of the covalent bottleneck opened up a seamless synthetic route to iterate through three monomers affording the solubility needed to characterize the mechanism of supramolecular polymerization. We also test the idea that the small size of these vinyl phosphonates provide identical dimer stabilities across the library by showing how mixtures of anions undergo statistical (social) self-sorting. We exploit this property by preparing soluble copolymers from the mixing of different monomers. This multi-anion assembly shows the utility of a library for programming properties.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)389-398
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Science
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-88597

Keywords

  • anionic monomers
  • aryl bromides
  • dimerizations
  • Heck coupling
  • phosphonates
  • stabilized dimers
  • supramolecular assemblies
  • supramolecular polymers
  • vinyl phosphonic acids

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