A Review of Visualization Methods for Cyber-Physical Security: Smart Grid Case Study

Victor Cobilean, Harindra Mavikumbure, Brady McBride, Bjorn Vaagensmith, Vivek Singh, Ruixuan Li, Craig Rieger, Milos Manic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations


Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) are becoming increasingly complex and interconnected as they attempt to meet the demands of evolving society. As a result, monitoring and maintaining them becomes a more complex and demanding task for control system operators and cyber defenders. While the literature on visualization techniques in the context of cybersecurity is extensive, the same cannot be said for studies on visualization for the security of cyber-physical systems. This paper aims to fill that gap by: 1) defining the main features of a visualizations workflow for security visualizations in cyber-physical systems. The workflow includes the acquisition of cyber and physical data, processing of data, selection, and configuration of both visualization tools and end-user interactions. 2) Providing an overview of cyber-physical security visualization systems, with a focus on smart grids as a case study. Finally, we use the perspectives gained from this analysis to provide insights and directions for future research and design of cyber-physical visualization techniques.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)59788-59803
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5R00-86961


  • Cyber-physical security
  • cyber-physical system visualization
  • data visualization
  • grids
  • human factors
  • resilience
  • situational awareness


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