A Review on Lithium Phosphorus Oxynitride

Jed D. LaCoste, Andriy Zakutayev, Ling Fei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus Citations


Lithium phosphorus oxynitride (LiPON) has paved the way for thin film solid-state battery technology development and has shown application in a large range of fields since its first reported synthesis in 1993. The term LiPON describes the family of materials with the general formula of LixPOyNz offering a great range of stoichiometries with varying properties. Understanding how the properties of LiPON are affected by different preparation methods is important for tuning this material to fit the required application. It is also useful to understand the LiPON relation between the amorphous structure and ionic conductivity, as well as the electrochemically degradation in contact with electrode materials. This review summarizes various methods of synthesizing LiPON and evaluates them on the basis of multiple properties of the resulting material. Structure-property relationships are identified to categorize the various LiPON stoichiometries that have been synthesized. Possible lithium ion conduction pathways and electrochemical degradation mechanism in LiPON are discussed. Representative applications of LiPON films are also introduced. At the end of this review, insights for future research into LiPON materials are provided.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3651-3667
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number7
StatePublished - 25 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-78441


  • degradation mechanism
  • ion conduction mechanism
  • Li-ion battery applications
  • lithium phosphorous oxynitride
  • structure-property relationship
  • synthesis


Dive into the research topics of 'A Review on Lithium Phosphorus Oxynitride'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this