A Tutorial on Control-Oriented Modeling and Control of Wind Farms

S. Boersma, B. M. Doekemeijer, P. M.O. Gebraad, P. A. Fleming, J. Annoni, A. K. Scholbrock, J. A. Frederik, J. W. Van Wingerden

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

169 Scopus Citations


Wind turbines are often sited together in wind farms as it is economically advantageous. However, the wake inevitably created by every turbine will lead to a time-varying interaction between the individual turbines. Common practice in industry has been to control turbines individually and ignore this interaction while optimizing the power and loads of the individual turbines. However, turbines that are in a wake experience reduced wind speed and increased turbulence, leading to a reduced energy extraction and increased dynamic mechanical loads on the turbine, respectively. Neglecting the dynamic interaction between turbines in control will therefore lead to suboptimal behaviour of the total wind farm. Therefore, wind farm control has been receiving an increasing amount of attention over the past years, with the focus on increasing the total power production and reducing the dynamic loading on the turbines. In this paper, wind farm control-oriented modeling and control concepts are explained. In addition, recent developments and literature are discussed and categorized. This paper can serve as a source of background information and provides many references regarding control-oriented modeling and control of wind farms.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages18
StatePublished - 29 Jun 2017
Event2017 American Control Conference, ACC 2017 - Seattle, United States
Duration: 24 May 201726 May 2017


Conference2017 American Control Conference, ACC 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Automatic Control Council (AACC).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5000-67861


  • control
  • wakes
  • wind energy
  • wind farm control
  • wind turbine
  • wind turbine farms


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