A Two-Step Time-Series Data Clustering Method for Building-Level Load Profile: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Residential and commercial buildings have huge potential to contribute value to improve grid resilience by participating grid services. To reveal the significant value, it is critical to estimate the grid service capability from these buildings. Unlike the large-scale distributed energy resources such as wind and solar farms, those buildings need to participate grid services in aggregation, not by individual. Therefore, it is important to appropriately group buildings for aggregation. In this paper, we develop a load profile clustering method to classify the building-level load profiles for grid service capability estimation. In our two-step clustering approach, we first calculate the total load consumption for each building, clustering the load profiles based on energy consumption level. Then, we further cluster the load profiles in each energy cluster based on the load shape. The parameter selection for each clustering step is discussed. The proposed method is applied on actual building-level load profiles, and the results have proved the effectiveness of this method.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5D00-88286 for paper as published in proceedings

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5D00-84634


  • advanced metering infrastructure (AMI)
  • energy consumption
  • load profile cluster
  • load shape


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