A Versatile Method for Preparation of Hydrated Microbial-Latex Biocatalytic Coatings for Gas Absorption and Gas Evolution

Jimmy L. Gosse, Mari S. Chinn, Amy M. Grunden, Oscar I. Bernal, Jessica S. Jenkins, Chris Yeager, Sergey Kosourov, Michael Seibert, Michael C. Flickinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus Citations


We describe a latex wet coalescence method for gas-phase immobilization of microorganisms on paper which does not require drying for adhesion. This method reduces drying stresses to the microbes. It is applicable for microorganisms that do not tolerate desiccation stress during latex drying even in the presence of carbohydrates. Small surface area, 10-65 lm thick coatings were generated on chromatography paper strips and placed in the head-space of vertical sealed tubes containing liquid to hydrate the paper. These gas-phase microbial coatings hydrated by liquid in the paper pore space demonstrated absorption or evolution of H2, CO, CO2 or O2. The microbial products produced, ethanol and acetate, diffuse into the hydrated paper pores and accumulate in the liquid at the bottom of the tube. The paper provides hydration to the back side of the coating and also separates the biocatalyst from the products. Coating reactivity was demonstrated for Chlamydomonas reinhardtii CC124, which consumed CO2 and produced 10.2 ± 0.2 mmol O 2 m-2 h-1, Rhodopseudomonas palustris CGA009, which consumed acetate and produced 0.47 ± 0.04 mmol H2 m -2 h-1, Clostridium ljungdahlii OTA1, which consumed 6 mmol CO m-2 h-1, and Synechococcus sp. PCC7002, which consumed CO2 and produced 5.00 ± 0.25 mmol O2 m-2 h-1. Coating thickness and microstructure were related to microbe size as determined by digital micrometry, profilometry, and confocal microscopy. The immobilization of different microorganisms in thin adhesive films in the gas phase demonstrates the utility of this method for evaluating genetically optimized microorganisms for gas absorption and gas evolution.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1269-1278
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2012

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2A00-56828


  • Chlamydomonas
  • Clostridium
  • Latex coating immobilization on chromatography paper
  • Rhodopseudomonas
  • Synechococcus


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