A04-0491 - Reduced Electrolyte Reactivity of Pitch-Carbon Coated Si Nanoparticles for Li-Ion Battery Anodes

Research output: NRELPoster


Silicon-based anodes for Li-ion batteries (LIB) have the potential to increase the energy density over graphite-based LIB anodes. However, silicon anodes exhibit poor cycle and calendar lifetimes due to mechanical instabilities and high chemical reactivity with the carbonate-based electrolytes that are typically used in LIBs. In this work, we synthesize a pitch-carbon coated silicon nanoparticle composite active material for LIB anodes that exhibits reduced chemical reactivity with the carbonate electrolyte compared to an uncoated silicon anode. Silicon primary particle sizes <10 nm minimize micro-scale mechanical degradation of the anode composite, while conformal coatings of pitch-carbon minimized the parasitic reactions between the silicon and the electrolyte. When matched with a high voltage NMC622 cathode, the pitch-carbon coated Si anode retains -75% of its initial capacity over 1000 cycles. Efforts to increase the areal loading of the pitch-carbon coated silicon anodes to realize real energy density improvements over graphite anodes results in severe mechanical degradation on the electrode level. Developing procedures to engineer the architecture of the composite silicon anode may be a solution to this mechanical challenge.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the 242nd Electrochemical Society Meeting, 9-13 October 2022, Atlanta, Georgia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-5700-84240


  • Li-ion battery
  • nanoparticles
  • silicon anode


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