Accumulation of Ferrous Iron in Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii. Influence of CO2 and Anaerobic Induction of the Reversible Hydrogenase

Boris K. Semin, Lira N. Davletshina, Alla A. Novakova, Tat'yana Y. Kiseleva, Victoriya Y. Lanchinskaya, Anatolii Y. Aleksandrov, Nora Seifulina, Il'ya I. Ivanov, Michael Seibert, Andrei B. Rubin

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The green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, can photoproduce molecular H2 via ferredoxin and the reversible [Fe]hydrogenase enzyme under anaerobic conditions. Recently, a novel approach for sustained H2 gas photoproduction was discovered in cell cultures subjected to S-deprived conditions (A. Melis, L. Zhang, M. Forestier, M.L. Ghirardi, M. Seibert [2000] Plant Physiol 122: 127-135). The close relationship between S and Fe in the H2-production process is of interest because Fe-S clusters are constituents of both ferredoxin and hydrogenase. In this study, we used Mössbauer spectroscopy to examine both the uptake of Fe by the alga at different CO2 concentrations during growth and the influence of anaerobiosis on the accumulation of Fe. Algal cells grown in media with 57Fe(III) at elevated (3%, v/v) CO2 concentration exhibit elevated levels of Fe and have two comparable pools of the ion: (a) Fe(III) with Mössbauer parameters of quadrupole splitting = 0.65 mm s-1 and isomeric shift = 0.46 mm s-1 and (b) Fe(II) with quadrupole splitting = 3.1 mm s-1 and isomeric shift = 1.36 mm s-1. Disruption of the cells and use of the specific Fe chelator, bathophenanthroline, have demonstrated that the Fe(II) pool is located inside the cell. The amount of Fe(III) in the cells increases with the age of the algal culture, whereas the amount of Fe(II) remains constant on a chlorophyll basis. Growing the algae under atmospheric CO2 (limiting) conditions, compared with 3% (v/v) CO2, resulted in a decrease in the intracellular Fe(II) content by a factor of 3. Incubating C. reinhardtii cells, grown at atmospheric CO2 for 3 h in the dark under anaerobic conditions, not only induced hydrogenase activity but also increased the Fe(II) content in the cells up to the saturation level observed in cells grown aerobically at high CO2. This result is novel and suggests a correlation between the amount of Fe(II) cations stored in the cells, the CO2 concentration, and anaerobiosis. A comparison of Fe-uptake results with a cyanobacterium, yeast, and algae suggests that the intracellular Fe(II) pool in C. reinhardtii may reside in the cell vacuole.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1756-1764
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2003

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-590-34473


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