Acoustic Noise Associated with the MOD-1 Wind Turbine: Its Source, Impact, and Control

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    This report summarizes extensive research by staff of the Solar Energy Research Institute and its subcontractors conducted to establish the origin and possible amelioration of acoustic disturbances associated with the operation of the DOE/NASA MOD-l wind turbine installed in 1979 near Boone, North Carolina. Results have shown that the source of this acoustic annoyance was the transient, unsteadyaerodynamic lift imparted to the turbine blades as they passed through the lee wakes of the large, cylindrical tower supports. Nearby residents were annoyed by the low-frequency, acoustic impulses propagated into the structures in which the complainants lived. The situation was aggravated further by a complex sound propagation process controlled by terrain and atmospheric focusing. Severaltechniques for reducing the abrupt, unsteady blade load transients were researched and are discussed in the report.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages262
    StatePublished - 1985

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TR-635-1166


    • acoustic measurements
    • aerodynamics
    • noise
    • noise pollution
    • turbine blades
    • vortex flow
    • wind turbines


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