Adaptive Q-V Scheme for the Voltage Control of a DFIG-Based Wind Power Plant

Eduard Muljadi, Jinho Kim, Jul-Ki Seok, Yong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus Citations


Wind generators within a wind power plant (WPP) will produce different amounts of active power because of the wake effect, and therefore, they have different reactive power capabilities. This paper proposes an adaptive reactive power to the voltage (Q-V) scheme for the voltage control of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based WPP. In the proposed scheme, the WPP controller uses a voltage control mode and sends a voltage error signal to each DFIG. The DFIG controller also employs a voltage control mode utilizing the adaptive Q-V characteristics depending on the reactive power capability such that a DFIG with a larger reactive power capability will inject more reactive power to ensure fast voltage recovery. Test results indicate that the proposed scheme can recover the voltage within a short time, even for a grid fault with a small short-circuit ratio, by making use of the available reactive power of a WPP and differentiating the reactive power injection in proportion to the reactive power capability. This will, therefore, help to reduce the additional reactive power and ensure fast voltage recovery.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3586-3599
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-66318


  • adaptive Q-V characteristic
  • doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)
  • reactive power capability
  • voltage control of a WPP
  • wake effect


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