Addressing Flexibility in Energy System Models

Paul Denholm, Ignacio GONZALEZ, Pablo CASTELLO, Alessandra SGOBBI, Wouter NIJS, Sylvain QUOILIN, Andreas ZUCKER, Christian THIEL, Joseph DILLON, Heidi HEINRICHS, Vera SILVA, Fredrik MARTINSSON, Tiina KOLJONEN, Tom KOBER, Kris PONCELET, Asami MIKETA, Lion HIRTH, Uwe REMME, Zakir RATHER, Frieder BORGGREFEGeorge GIANNAKIDIS, Andreas KNAUT, Sonja BABROWSKI, Goran STRBAC

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report summarises the discussions and conclusions of the international workshop on 'Addressing flexibility in energy system models' held on December 4 and 5 2014 at the premises of the JRC Institute for Energy and Transport in Petten. Around 40 energy modelling experts and researchers from universities, research centres, the power industry, international organisations, and the European Commission (DGs ENER and JRC) met to present and discuss their views on the modelling of flexibility issues, the linkage of energy system models and sector-detailed energy models, the integration of high shares of variable renewable energy sources, and the representation of flexibility needs in power system models.The discussions took into account modelling and data-related methodological aspects, with their limitations and uncertainties, as well as possible alternatives to be implemented within energy system models.The conclusions and recommendations resulting from those discussions, together with the contributions from all the participants in the workshop, are summarised in the present JRC Scientific and Policy Report.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages80
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Available from the European Commission:

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-63691


  • energy modeling
  • flexibility


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