Advanced Wind Turbine Control Development Using Field Test Analysis for Generator Overspeed Mitigation

Mandar Phadnis, Daniel Zalkind, Lucy Pao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Turbulent and gusty wind conditions can cause generator overspeed peaks to exceed a threshold that then lead to wind turbine shutdowns, which then decrease the energy production of the wind turbines. We derive so-called “gust measures” that predict when generator overspeed peaks may occur. These gust measures are then used to develop advanced controllers to mitigate generator overspeed peaks so that wind turbines can operate more robustly in difficult wind conditions without exceeding generator overspeed thresholds that would lead to turbine shutdown events. The advanced controllers are demonstrated in nonlinear aeroelastic simulations using the open-source wind turbine simulation tool OpenFAST. To increase the realism of the simulations, they are run using field-replicated wind conditions and a wind turbine model based on data from an experimental field campaign on a downscaled demonstrator of a novel extreme-scale, two-bladed, downwind rotor design.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalWind Energy
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Wind Energy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-84216

Keywords

  • advanced control
  • downwind
  • field test
  • gust estimation

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