Advances in Mixed Tin-Lead Narrow-Bandgap Perovskites for Single-Junction and All-Perovskite Tandem Solar Cells

Fengjiu Yang, Kai Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Organic-inorganic metal-halide perovskites have received great attention for photovoltaic (PV) applications owing to their superior optoelectronic properties and the unprecedented performance development. For single-junction PV devices, although lead (Pb)-based perovskite solar cells have achieved 26.1% efficiency, the mixed tin-lead (Sn-Pb) perovskites offer more ideal bandgap tuning capability to enable an even higher performance. The Sn-Pb perovskite (with a bandgap tuned to ~1.2 eV) is also attractive as the bottom subcell for a tandem configuration to further surpass the Shockley-Queisser radiative limit for the single-junction devices. The performance of the all-perovskite tandem solar cells has gained rapid development and achieved a certified efficiency up to 29.1%. In this article, the properties and recent development of state-of-the-art mixed Sn-Pb perovskites and their application in single-junction and all-perovskite tandem solar cells are reviewed. Recent advances in various approaches covering additives, solvents, interfaces, and perovskite growth are highlighted. The authors also provide the perspective and outlook on the challenges and strategies for further development of mixed Sn-Pb perovskites in both efficiency and stability for PV applications.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-89153

Keywords

  • mixed tin-lead perovskite
  • narrow-bandgap
  • perovskite solar cells
  • tandem

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