Advances in the CIS Research at NREL

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


This paper summarizes the research of the CIS Team at NREL in three major areas: absorber deposition; understanding the role of chemical bath deposited (CBD) CdS in CIS junctions; and in the development of devices; without CdS. Low cost, scaleable processes chosen for absorber fabrication include sputtering, electrodeposition (ED), and close spaced sublimation (CSS). The interaction between theCBD and the CIS has been investigated and the results show that Cd might be instrumental in shaping the interface. We have also developed a process to fabricate a 13.5% efficiency ZnO/CuInGaSe2 device without CdS or other buffer layers.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 1997
Event26th IEEE PVSC - Anaheim, California
Duration: 29 Sep 19973 Oct 1997


Conference26th IEEE PVSC
CityAnaheim, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-520-22946


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