Advancing Platooning with ADAS Control Integration and Assessment Test Results

Michael Lammert, Hoseinali Borhan, Kenneth Kelly, Chen Zhang, Nathan Brady, Chia-Siung Yu, Jingxuan Liu

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations


The application of cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) to heavy-duty trucks known as truck platooning has shown fuel economy improvements over test track ideal driving conditions. However, there are limited test data available to assess the performance of CACC under real-world driving conditions. As part of the Cummins-led U.S. Department of Energy Funding Opportunity Announcement award project, truck platooning with CACC has been tested under real-world driving conditions and the results are presented in this paper. First, real-world driving conditions are characterized with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fleet DNA database to define the test factors. The key test factors impacting long-haul truck fuel economy were identified as terrain and highway traffic with and without advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS). Track and on-highway testing guided by SAE J1321 procedures were conducted to assess truck platooning operation under the characterized real-world driving conditions. On-highway testing is done on a route in Indiana representing operation of long-haul Class 8 trucks in the United States. The road includes low-, medium-, and high-grade segments. The highway test results of a two-truck platooning configuration indicate considerable fuel-saving reduction comparing to the test track data collected under ideal driving conditions. The test data indicate that platooning could lead to increases in fuel consumption during traffic or high-grade portions of the route, causing reduction of the overall fuel saving on the road comparing to test track results. However, integration of ADAS features on the lead truck during on-road tests leads to significant improvement of fuel saving for both trucks in CACC operation.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 6 Apr 2021
EventSAE 2021 WCX Digital Summit - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 13 Apr 202115 Apr 2021


ConferenceSAE 2021 WCX Digital Summit
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 SAE International; Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-78608

Other Report Number

  • SAE Technical Paper No. 2021-01-0429


  • ADAS
  • truck platooning


Dive into the research topics of 'Advancing Platooning with ADAS Control Integration and Assessment Test Results'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this