Advancing System Flexibility for High Penetration Renewable Integration

Shengru Zhou, Bethany Frew, Michael Milligan

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report summarizes some of the issues discussed during the engagement on power system flexibility. By design, the focus is on flexibility options used in the United States. Exploration of whether and how U.S. experiences can inform Chinese energy planning will be part of the continuing project, and will benefit from the knowledge base provided by this report. We believe the initial stage of collaboration represented in this report has successfully started a process of mutual understanding, helping Chinese researchers to begin evaluating how lessons learned in other countries might translate to China's unique geographic, economic, social, and political contexts.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages56
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

This work is a part of the China Grids Program for a Low-Carbon Future, supported by the Children's Investment Fund Foundation

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-64864


  • China
  • economics
  • power system flexibility
  • United States


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