Affordable Zero Energy K-12 Schools: The Cost Barrier Illusion

Paul Torcellini, Sarah Zaleski, Maureen McIntyre

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Interest in very low energy buildings is growing across the United States. California, for example, has adopted ZE targets for 50% of the floor area of existing state-owned buildings by 2025 and for all new or renovated state buildings beginning design after 2025. California has also set a target of making all new commercial buildings ZE by 2030.2 Several other states are considering similar measures and have established task forces to work on the issue.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages36
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5500-80766


  • buildings
  • cost
  • schools
  • zero energy


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