Aligning PEV Charging Times with Electricity Supply and Demand

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are a growing source of electricity consumption that could either exacerbate supply shortages or smooth electricity demand curves. Extensive research has explored how vehicle-grid integration (VGI) can be optimized by controlling PEV charging timing or providing vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services, such as storing energy in vehicle batteries and returning it to the grid at peak times. While much of this research has modeled charging, implementation in the real world requires a cost-effective solution that accounts for consumer behavior. To function across different contexts, several types of charging administrators and methods of control are necessary to minimize costs in the VGI context.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-68623


  • Clean Energy Ministerial
  • DOE
  • electricity supply and demand
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • NREL
  • Office of International Affairs
  • PEV
  • PEV charging
  • plug-in electric vehicle
  • U.S. Department of Energy
  • V2G
  • vehicle-grid integration
  • vehicle-to-grid
  • VGI


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