Alternative Energy Carriers: Unique Interfaces for Electrochemical Hydrogenic Transformations

Gerard Carroll, Matthew Gebbie, Shannon Stahl, Mathew Johnson, Oana Luca, Haley Petersen, Yannick Bomble, Nathan Neale, Randy Cortright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus Citations


The shift toward renewable energy generation sources, characterized by their non-carbon emitting but variable nature, has spurred significant innovation in energy storage technologies. Advancements in foundational understanding from investments in basic science and clever engineering solutions, coupled with increasing industrial adoption, have resulted in a notable reduction in the cost of storing electricity from variable energy generation sources. These developments have paved the way for the exploration of new and innovative forms of energy storage that deviate from traditional technologies. In this perspective, it is posited that the progress made in energy storage research over recent years has opened the door to the development of energy carriers for technologies that are yet to be realized. To illustrate this concept, examples of alternative energy carriers are provided within the context of unique electrochemical interfaces for electrochemical hydrogenic transformations. The unique properties of these interfaces and electrochemical systems can be leveraged in ways not yet imagined, creating new possibilities for energy storage. A perspective on the progress and challenges for each interface as well as a general outlook for the advancement of energy carrier systems are provided.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2203751
Number of pages15
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Energy Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-85055


  • electrochemical interfaces
  • energy carriers
  • energy storage
  • hydrogen carriers


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