Ameliorating Global Challenges: Globalization, Geopolitics, Basic & Applied Research, and Research Security

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We are confronted with a myriad of global challenges, from extreme weather events, occurring at higher frequencies than at any point in history, to pollution, food insecurity, clean water shortages, and fundamentally limited natural resources and materials. The largest number of people inhabit our planet today and enjoy the highest standard of living - though not equally distributed across the world - compared to any prior moment in history. To sustain this quality of life, we are largely reliant on fossil fuel sources, which are responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions by weight each day than the collective weight of all humans that inhabit the planet. Ameliorating these global challenges will require elements of solutions that include advances in basic and applied research, innovative global engineering, materials discovery, new technologies, manufacturing at scale, resilient and adaptable infrastructure, carbon-free energy sources and storage technologies, and new supply chain networks and markets. Success will require constructive collaborative efforts between researchers in countries located in every continent of this planet. For any of these goals to be realized in a timely fashion, geopolitical leaders must become better educated about this existential challenge and incentivized to act.
    Original languageAmerican English
    JournalMRS Bulletin
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2023

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/JA-5A00-87104

    Keywords

    • applied research
    • basic research
    • geopolitics
    • globalization
    • research security

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