Amorphous Silicon Research: Final Technical Progress Report, 1 August 1994-28 February 1998

    Research output: NRELSubcontract Report


    This report describes the status and accomplishments of work performed under this subcontract by United Solar Systems. United Solar researchers explored several new deposition regimes/conditions to investigate their effect on material/device performance. To facilitate optimum ion bombardment during growth, a large parameter space involving chamber pressure, rf power, and hydrogen dilution wereinvestigated. United Solar carried out a series of experiments using discharge modulation at various pulsed-plasma intervals to study the effect of Si-particle incorporation on solar cell performance. Hydrogen dilution during deposition is found to improve both the initial and stable performance of a-Si and a-SiGe alloy cells. Researchers conducted a series of temperature-ramping experiments onsamples prepared with high and low hydrogen dilutions to study the effect of hydrogen effusion on solar cell performance. Using an internal photoemission method, the electrical bandgap of a microcrystalline p layer used in high-efficiency solar cells was measured to be 1.6 eV. New measurement techniques were developed to evaluate the interface and bulk contributions of losses to solar cellperformance. Researchers replaced hydrogen with deuterium and found deuterated amorphous silicon alloy solar cells exhibit reduced light-induced degradation. The incorporation of a microcrystalline n layer in a multijunction cell is seen to improve cell performance. United Solar achieved a world-record single- junction a-Si alloy stable cell efficiency of 9.2% with an active area of 0.25 cm2grown with high hydrogen dilution. Researchers achieved state-of-the-art top, middle, and bottom component cells; initial and stable characteristics are shown in Table 1 of this report. They also achieved a world-record triple-junction, stable, active-area cell efficiency of 13.0% with an active area of 0.25 cm2.
    Original languageAmerican English
    PublisherNational Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
    Number of pages96
    StatePublished - 1998

    Bibliographical note

    Work performed by United Solar Systems Corp., Troy, Michigan

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/SR-520-24724


    • a-Si
    • alloy cells
    • amorphous silicon
    • two-terminal multijunction


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