An Analysis of Possible Energy Impacts of Automated Vehicle

Austin Brown, Jeffrey Gonder, Britttany Repac

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

162 Scopus Citations


Automated vehicles (AVs) are increasingly recognized as having the potential to decrease carbon dioxide emissions and petroleum consumption through mechanisms such as improved efficiency, better routing, and lower traffic congestion, and by enabling advanced technologies. However, AVs also have the potential to increase fuel consumption through effects such as longer distances traveled, increased use of transportation by underserved groups, and increased travel speeds. Here we collect available estimates for many potential effects and use a modified Kaya Identity approach to estimate the overall range of possible effects. Depending on the specific effects that come to pass, widespread AV deployment can lead to dramatic fuel savings, but has the potential for unintended consequences.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationRoad Vehicle Automation
Subtitle of host publicationLecture Notes in Mobility
EditorsG. Meyer, S. Beiker
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages17
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Mobility
ISSN (Print)2196-5544
ISSN (Electronic)2196-5552

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-6A20-60887


  • Automation
  • Autonomous
  • Car sharing
  • Electrification
  • Energy
  • Petroleum
  • Platooning
  • Self-driving
  • Smart routing


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