An Inter-Laboratory Study of Zn-Sn-Ti-O Thin Films using High-Throughput Experimental Methods

Andriy Zakutayev, Caleb Phillips, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Sara Barron, Zachary Trautt, Nam Nguyen, Kamal Choudhary, Brian DeCost, A. Kusne, Feng Yi, Apurva Mehta, Ichiro Takeuchi, Martin Green, John Perkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus Citations


High-throughput experimental (HTE) techniques are an increasingly important way to accelerate the rate of materials research and development for many technological applications. However, there are very few publications on the reproducibility of the HTE results obtained across different laboratories for the same materials system, and on the associated sample and data exchange standards. Here, we report a comparative study of Zn-Sn-Ti-O thin films materials using high-throughput experimental methods at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The thin film sample libraries were synthesized by combinatorial physical vapor deposition (cosputtering and pulsed laser deposition) and characterized by spatially resolved techniques for composition, structure, thickness, optical, and electrical properties. The results of this study indicate that all these measurement techniques performed at two different laboratories show excellent qualitative agreement. The quantitative similarities and differences vary by measurement type, with 95% confidence interval of 0.1-0.2 eV for the band gap, 24-29 nm for film thickness, and 0.08 to 0.37 orders of magnitude for sheet resistance. Overall, this work serves as a case study for the feasibility of a High-Throughput Experimental Materials Collaboratory (HTE-MC) by demonstrating the exchange of high-throughput sample libraries, workflows, and data.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)350-361
Number of pages12
JournalACS Combinatorial Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 13 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-72592


  • collaboration
  • data exchange
  • high throughput
  • interlaboratory
  • thin-film sample libraries


Dive into the research topics of 'An Inter-Laboratory Study of Zn-Sn-Ti-O Thin Films using High-Throughput Experimental Methods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this