An Open-Source Frequency-Domain Model for Floating Wind Turbine Design Optimization

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15 Scopus Citations


A new frequency-domain dynamics model has been developed that uses open-source components to efficiently represent a complete floating wind turbine system. The model, called RAFT (Response Amplitudes of Floating Turbines), incorporates quasi-static mooring reactions, strip-theory and potential-flow hydrodynamics, blade-element-momentum aerodynamics, and linear turbine control. The formulation is compatible with a wide variety of support structure configurations and no manual or time-domain preprocessing steps are required, making RAFT very practical in design and optimization workflows. The model is applied to three reference floating wind turbine designs and its predictions are compared with results from time-domain OpenFAST simulations. There is good agreement in mean offsets as well the statistics and spectra of the dynamic response, verifying RAFT's general suitability for floating wind analysis. Follow-on work will include verification of potential-flow and turbine-control features and application to optimization problems.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle No. 042020
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2 Jun 2022
Event2022 Science of Making Torque from Wind, TORQUE 2022 - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 1 Jun 20223 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-82011


  • control co-design
  • floating wind turbine
  • frequency-domain model
  • low fidelity
  • strip theory


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