Analysis of Fast Charging Station Network for Electrified Ride-Hailing Services

Eric Wood, Yutaka Motoaki, John Smart, Zhi Zhou, Clement Rames, Eleftheria Kontou

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

7 Scopus Citations


Today's electric vehicle (EV) owners charge their vehicles mostly at home and seldom use public direct current fast charger (DCFCs), reducing the need for a large deployment of DCFCs for private EV owners. However, due to the emerging interest among transportation network companies to operate EVs in their fleet, there is great potential for DCFCs to be highly utilized and become economically feasible in the future. This paper describes a heuristic algorithm to emulate operation of EVs within a hypothetical transportation network company fleet using a large global positioning system data set from Columbus, Ohio. DCFC requirements supporting operation of EVs are estimated using the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Projection tool. Operation and installation costs were estimated using real-world data to assess the economic feasibility of the recommended fast charging stations. Results suggest that the hypothetical transportation network company fleet increases daily vehicle miles traveled per EV with less overall down time, resulting in increased demand for DCFC. Sites with overhead service lines are recommended for hosting DCFC stations to minimize the need for trenching underground service lines. A negative relationship was found between cost per unit of energy and fast charging utilization, underscoring the importance of prioritizing utilization over installation costs when siting DCFC stations. Although this preliminary analysis of the impacts of new mobility paradigms on alternative fueling infrastructure requirements has produced several key results, the complexity of the problem warrants further investigation.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2018
Event2018 SAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2018 - Detroit, United States
Duration: 10 Apr 201812 Apr 2018


Conference2018 SAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 SAE International; Argonne National Laboratory; National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-70438

Other Report Number

  • SAE Paper No. 2018-01-0667


  • charging stations
  • electric vehicles
  • fast charging
  • ride hailing
  • transportation network companies


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