Analysis of the Performance Benefits of Short-Term Energy Storage in Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power Systems

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


    A variety of prototype high penetration wind-diesel hybrid power systems have been implemented with different amounts of energy storage. They range from systems with no energy storage to those with many hours worth of energy storage. There has been little consensus among wind-diesel system developers as to the appropriate role and amount of energy storage in such systems. Some researchersadvocate providing only enough storage capacity to supply power during the time it takes the diesel genset to start. Others install large battery banks to allow the diesel(s) to operate at full load and/or to time-shift the availability of wind-generated electricity to match the demand. Prior studies indicate that for high penetration wind-diesel systems, short-term energy storage provides thelargest operational and economic benefit. This study uses data collected in Deering, Alaska, a small diesel-powered village, and the hybrid systems modeling software Hybrid2 to determine the optimum amount of short-term storage for a particular high penetration wind-diesel system. These findings were then generalized by determining how wind penetration, turbulence intensity, and load variabilityaffect the value of short term energy storage as measured in terms of fuel savings, total diesel run time, and the number of diesel starts.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages13
    StatePublished - 1997
    Event1997 ASME/AIAA Wind Energy Symposium - Reno, Nevada
    Duration: 6 Jan 19979 Jan 1997


    Conference1997 ASME/AIAA Wind Energy Symposium
    CityReno, Nevada

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/CP-440-22108


    • Deering, Alaska
    • hybrid
    • power
    • short-term energy storage
    • systems
    • wind energy
    • wind-diesel


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