Annual Technology Baseline: The 2022 Transportation Update

Laura Vimmerstedt, Ranjit Desai, Matthew Heine, Paige Jadun, Ling Tao, Arthur Yip, Adarsh Bafana, Hao Cai, Amgad Elgowainy, Ehsan Islam, Uisung Lee, Aymeric Rousseau, Ram Vijayogopal

Research output: NRELPresentation


The Transportation Annual Technology Baseline (ATB) provides detailed cost and performance data, estimates, and assumptions for vehicle and fuel technologies in the United States. It includes current and projected estimates for vehicle technologies as well as conventional and alternative fuels, and it details the assumptions used to calculate those costs, such as gas and electricity prices, discount rates, and vehicle miles traveled. The 2022 update added more classes of light-duty vehicles, medium and heavy-duty vehicles, an aviation page, and it aligned diesel pathways with aviation pathways.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages47
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A20-87895


  • aviation
  • battery electric
  • biodiesel
  • capital expenditures
  • cost
  • electricity
  • energy data
  • ethanol fuel
  • fuel cell
  • fuel cost
  • gasoline
  • hybrid
  • hydrogen
  • levelized cost of driving
  • natural gas
  • performance
  • plug-in hybrid
  • powertrain
  • projection
  • renewable diesel
  • sustainable aviation fuel
  • vehicle cost


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