Application of Templated Vapor-Liquid-Solid Growth to Heteroepitaxy of InP on Si

Olivia D. Schneble, Anica N. Neumann, John S. Mangum, Andrew G. Norman, Emily L. Warren, Jeramy D. Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus Citations


Direct growth of III-V semiconductors on Si promises to combine the superior optoelectronic properties of III-Vs with the existing large-scale fabrication capabilities for Si. Vapor-liquid-solid-based growth techniques have previously been used to grow optoelectronic-quality III-Vs in polycrystalline films and various photolithography-defined features. We show that templated vapor-liquid-solid growth can produce epitaxial material when performed on crystalline substrates. In templated vapor-liquid-solid growth, the metal group-III precursor is evaporated along with a capping SiO 2 layer on the crystalline substrate, then melted and converted with exposure to a vapor-phase group-V precursor. We demonstrate homoepitaxial growth of InP on InP wafers using two forms of the SiO x capping layer to confine the liquid metal: evaporated SiO 2 and solgel SiO x, the latter of which is necessary for growth on Si. We then demonstrate heteroepitaxial growth of InP islands on Si substrates from both evaporated and electroplated In metals. The templated vapor-liquid-solid process provides better material utilization and growth rates than common vapor-phase techniques, with similar control and convenience, providing a path toward the large-scale fabrication of integrated optoelectronic components.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number013404
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-77155


  • InP
  • templated vapor-liquid-solid
  • VLS


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