Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks for Area Coverage in Microgrids

Mohammad Shahidehpour, Hongyu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus Citations


Area coverage is a critical issue which will have a major impact on the sensing quality over targeted regions in wireless sensor networks. This paper studies the area coverage problem (ACP) with non-penetrable obstacles in microgrids, where a sensor cannot be deployed or sensing signals cannot pass through. The target coverage region is discretized in a deployment map representation of non-penetrable obstacles. A probability detection model is utilized to represent sensors with a variable distance coverage. The ACP is formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear programming problem and an iterative process is developed to solve the problem. The microgrid at Illinois Institute of Technology (IL Tech) is used as a practical example. Both the normal and the N-1 contingency deployments of sensors are simulated for optimizing the ACP at the IL Tech microgrid.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1590-1598
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-72050


  • microgrids
  • power grids
  • sensors
  • wireless communication
  • wireless sensor networks
  • ZigBee


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