Applying Energy Justice Metrics to Photovoltaic Materials Research

Nikita Dutta, Heather Mirletz, Bettina Arkhurst, Clara Houghteling, Elizabeth Gill, Silvana Ovaitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Achieving the energy transition sustainably requires addressing how new technologies may impact justice in the energy system. The Justice Underpinning Science and Technology Research (JUST-R) metrics framework was recently proposed to aid researchers in considering justice in early-stage research on energy technologies; however, case study evaluations of the framework revealed a desire from researchers to see metrics specialized to particular fields of study. Here, we refine metrics from the JUST-R framework to enhance its applicability to photovoltaic (PV) materials research. Metrics are reorganized to align with aspects of the research process (e.g., research team or source materials). For most metrics, baseline values are suggested to enable researchers to compare their project to competing technologies or standards at their institutions. These refinements are integrated into a tool to facilitate easier understanding and evaluation of justice considerations in early-stage PV research, which can serve as a template for evaluating other energy technologies.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
JournalMRS Advances
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-88510


  • broader impacts
  • early-stage research
  • energy justice
  • low-TRL
  • metrics
  • photovoltaics


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