Architecture for Quantum-in-the Loop Real-Time Simulations for Designing Resilient Smart Grids

Sayonsom Chanda, Manish Mohanpurkar, Rob Hovsapian

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations

Abstract

With the power grid growing more complex every day with the inclusion of new sensors and regulatory approvals that enable end-users and small local developers to participate in the grid, it is becoming challenging for conventional smart grid simulation, emulation, and testing technologies to keep up. In this work, we propose that quantum-encoded real-time simulations can be helpful under the new paradigm and operational circumstances to solve optimization problems for power grids. By leveraging the principles of quantum mechanics, the proposed quantum-in-loop (QIL) framework will enable better and faster optimization solutions based on real-world, real-time data streams, facilitating the real-time planning and operations of electrical grids that rely on millions of distributed sensors and controllers. Furthermore, QIL will allow researchers and engineers to assist utilities in designing, developing, and de-risking algorithms to optimize power grid operation and resilience by considering inputs from millions of grid-connected devices. QIL framework is being developed to have a self-limiting triage mechanism, which will help engineers and practitioners identify fundamental physical limits on quantum processors, revealing what quantum algorithms can and cannot do in utility-specific use cases and must continue to count on classical high-performance computing infrastructure.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event13th International Symposium on Advanced Topics in Electrical Engineering, ATEE 2023 - Bucharest, Romania
Duration: 23 Mar 202325 Mar 2023

Conference

Conference13th International Symposium on Advanced Topics in Electrical Engineering, ATEE 2023
Country/TerritoryRomania
CityBucharest
Period23/03/2325/03/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-4B00-86480

Keywords

  • Digital real-time simulation
  • grid modernization
  • hardware-in-the-loop
  • optimization
  • quantum computing
  • quantum-in-the-loop
  • resiliency
  • smart grid

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