Assessing the Impact of Renewable Energy Sources to Achieve Net Zero Emissions

Yesaswini Chilukuri, Adil Usman, Bharat Rajpurohit

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

4 Scopus Citations


The mass generation of green energy through the pathway of Renewable Energy Sources (RES), is one of the major decisive components contributing to the concept of decarbonization. The energy sector assessment reveals that out of per kWh energy produced, renewable energy emits between 9 and 1000 gCO2 equivalent on a life-cycle basis. Contemplating the literature and the latest reports released by world-wide energy department(s), this study presents a comprehensive concept of carbon footprint, its causes and effects including major impact on biodiversity and human life. The study discusses the substantial steps taken by developing countries like India in leveraging RES for the production of energy and its progressive impact on ecology. The discussion would be inclusive of major change and transformation which has brought significant drop of 16% in the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by installation of 104.9 GW of RES excluding Hydro. The appropriate steps taken forward therefore align with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nation (UN) in achieving net zero emission (NZE).
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech) - Portland, Oregon
Duration: 19 Apr 202322 Apr 2023


Conference2023 IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech)
CityPortland, Oregon

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-86960


  • decarbonization
  • GHG
  • greenhouse gas emissions
  • net zero emission
  • NZE
  • renewable energy sources
  • sustainable development goals


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