Assessing the Impacts of Wakes on Floating Wind Farms with Shared Anchors: Article No. 062033

Katherine Coughlan, Mohammad Mahfouz, Ericka Lozon, Sanjay Arwade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper examines wake effects for floating wind farms with shared anchors. Three 20-turbine farms are examined: a grid-formation baseline with no shared anchors, a farm based on 3-line anchors, and a farm based on 6-line anchors, governed by a wind turbine spacing of 8 rotor diameters. The IEA 15 MW reference turbine on the UMaine semisubmersible platform was used with a taut mooring system in deep- water depths representative of U.S. west coast lease areas. A steady-state wake model showed that, when evaluating a sweep of wind headings, the baseline design had the lowest wake losses, with a value of 11.7 %, followed by the 6-line at 12.9% and the 3-line at 13.8%. Dynamic simulations were run in FAST.Farm to analyse the effects of wakes on mean anchor loads for wind headings that showed significant wake losses. The baseline farm showed the largest anchor load reductions due to wake effects (up to 16%), followed by the 3-line farm (up to 8%), and the 6-line farm, which showed relatively consistent load magnitudes on the 6-line anchors across all headings.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume2767
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-88739

Keywords

  • floating offshore wind
  • moorings
  • shared anchors
  • wake effects

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