Automated Shift Detection in Sensor-Based PV Power and Irradiance Time Series

Research output: NRELPresentation


PV power and irradiance sensor-based measurements are prone to error, resulting in issues such as time series data shifts. In this research, a changepoint detection (CPD) algorithm that automatically detects data shifts in sensor-based time series is introduced. Data shift periods in 101 daily PV power and irradiance time series were labeled manually by two solar experts. These data streams represent sensor-based measurements, and display a variety of data shift behaviors. A changepoint detection algorithm was tuned using the 101 labeled data streams, with each model configuration's ability to detect labeled changepoints benchmarked using metrics such as F1-score, recall, and Rand Index. Best performing models on seasonality-corrected data streams include the Pruned Exact Linear (PELT) method, the Binary Segmentation method, and the Bottom-Up method, all scoring an average F1-score of 0.76 or greater at detecting labeled changepoints within a 30-day window across the labeled data sets. Pending approval, we plan to release the labeled data sets for this research on NREL's DuraMAT Data Hub, and the associated algorithm in the Python PVAnalytics package. By supplying the training sets and algorithm, we hope to encourage further development in this research space.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NamePresented at the PV Reliability Workshop, 21-25 June 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5K00-82079


  • data shift
  • machine learning
  • photovoltaics


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