Avian Hearing and the Avoidance of Wind Turbines

Karin Sinclair

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report provides a complete summary of what is known about basic hearing capabilities in birds in relation to the characteristics of noise generated by wind turbines. It is a review of existing data on bird hearing with some preliminary estimates of environmental noise and wind turbine noise at Altamont Pass, California, in the summer of 1999. It is intended as a resource in futurediscussions of the role that hearing might play in bird avoidance of turbines.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages84
StatePublished - 2002

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-500-30844


  • birds
  • hearing
  • noise
  • sound
  • wind blade
  • wind farm
  • wind turbine


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