Background Information on the Protection Requirements in IEEE Std 1547-2018

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


As the DER penetration level has risen significantly in recent times, parameter settings and configuration of installed DERs are having direct impact on local electric distribution utilities as well as bulk power systems during normal and abnormal grid conditions. On the other hand, all grid-connected DERs in the United States of America must conform to the interconnection requirements prescribed in the IEEE Std 1547-2018. Because of these reasons, it is crucial to understand the expected DER performance during abnormal grid conditions considering the requirements of the IEEE Std 1547-2018. The aim of this document is twofold: (1) to summarize requirements in IEEE Std 1547-2018 having direct implications in distribution network protection, and (2) to provide the reader with knowledge and information that will be required for users to apply the requirements specified. Since the focus of this document is on distribution network protection in the presence of DERs, it is assumed that the readers have basic understanding of distribution network protection as well as working principles of DERs. This document starts with a brief introduction on protection systems for distribution network followed by a discussion on the impact of DER on the protection systems. Current practices to provide network protection in the presence of DER is briefly discussed. The document then explores the DER performance requirements in IEEE Std. 1547-2018; especially on those related to distribution network protection. Section 6.1 in IEEE Std. 1547-2018 provides an overview of capabilities and control requirements for DER under abnormal operating conditions. This section also introduces abnormal operating performance categories I, II, III. The DER response to various types of faults and grid conditions such as short-circuit faults and open phase conditions are discussed in section 6.2 in the standard while requirements for coordination with the Area EPS reclosing scheme are provided in section 6.3. Section 6.4 in the IEEE Std 1547-2018 specifies requirements for mandatory voltage tripping and ride-through requirements during low and high voltage disturbances and section 6.5 specifies similar requirements for low and high frequency disturbances. IEEE Std. 1547 requires that the conformance of the DERs to IEEE Std 1547-2018 requirements should be verified in accordance with IEEE Std. 1547. 1. There are several parameters and settings of DERs that need to be properly selected for reliable operation during abnormal grid condition while applying the requirements of IEEE Std 1547-2018. Key decisions for proper selections of parameter and settings are: 1. Determination of required DER abnormal operating performance category, 2. Determination of DER response (shall trip) to abnormal voltages and 3. Determination of DER response (shall trip) to abnormal frequency.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages34
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5D00-78704


  • IEEE 1547
  • protection


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