Battery Pack Thermal Design: NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

Research output: NRELPresentation


This presentation describes the thermal design of battery packs at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. A battery thermal management system essential for xEVs for both normal operation during daily driving (achieving life and performance) and off-normal operation during abuse conditions (achieving safety). The battery thermal management system needs to be optimized with the right tools for the lowest cost. Experimental tools such as NREL's isothermal battery calorimeter, thermal imaging, and heat transfer setups are needed. Thermal models and computer-aided engineering tools are useful for robust designs. During abuse conditions, designs should prevent cell-to-cell propagation in a module/pack (i.e., keep the fire small and manageable). NREL's battery ISC device can be used for evaluating the robustness of a module/pack to cell-to-cell propagation.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages33
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NamePresented at the 16th Annual Advanced Automotive Battery Conference, 14-17 June 2016, Detroit, Michigan

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-66960


  • internal short circuit
  • lithium ion batteries
  • thermal design
  • thermal management system


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