Battery Thermal Models for Hybrid Vehicle Simulations

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This paper summarizes battery thermal modeling capabilities for: (1) an advanced vehicle simulator (ADVISOR); and (2) battery module and pack thermal design. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) ADVISOR is developed in the Matlab/Simulink environment. There are several battery models in ADVISOR for various chemistry types. Each one of these models requires a thermal model to predict the temperature change that could affect battery performance parameters, such as resistance, capacity and state of charges. A lumped capacitance battery thermal model in the Matlab/Simulink environment was developed that included the ADVISOR battery performance models. For thermal evaluation and design of battery modules and packs, NREL has been using various computer aided engineering tools including commercial finite element analysis software. This paper will discuss the thermal ADVISOR battery model and its results, along with the results of finite element modeling that were presented at the workshop on "Development of Advanced Battery Engineering Models" in August 2001. Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)377-382
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-540-31703


  • Battery thermal management
  • Battery thermal model
  • Vehicle simulations


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