Benchmarks of Global Clean Energy Manufacturing, 2014-2016

Research output: NRELBrochure


Benchmarks of Global Clean Energy Manufacturing provides an assessment of the global state of clean energy manufacturing over 3 years from 2014 to 2016. Four technologies were examined - wind turbine components (blade, tower, nacelle), crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar photovoltaic (PV) modules, light-duty vehicle (LDV) lithium-ion battery (LIB) cells, and light-emitting diode (LED) packages for lighting and other consumer products. The analysis looked along each technology's manufacturing supply chain, including processing raw materials, producing required subcomponents, and assembling final products. Manufacturing supply chains were evaluated across 13 economies that are the primary manufacturing hubs for these technologies. This Highlights summary report features key findings across the manufacturing supply chains.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/BR-6A50-79692


  • batteries
  • benchmarks
  • LEDs
  • manufacturing
  • raw materials
  • solar PV
  • supply chains
  • wind turbines


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