Biofuel Production and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Potential

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Under two biomass supply scenarios presented in this study, between 56 and 81 B GGE/year of biofuel could be produced. The corresponding GHG reduction potential is between to 410 million 635 billion Mt CO2e/year. This volume of biofuel is sufficient to replace a majority of fuel demand in hard-to-electrify aviation, marine, rail and off-road transportation by 2050. Through pathway selection and process design, sufficient sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) could be produced to exceed the projected 35 B gpy of domestic aviation fuel demand by 2050. The external hydrogen required to produce this volume of fuel is estimated to be between 3.5 to 5.2 Mt/year.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages51
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-85351


  • biofuel GHG reduction
  • biofuel production
  • hard-to-electrify transportation
  • sustainable aviation fuel (SAF)
  • sustainable biomass supply


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