Biomass Conversion

Steve Decker, Roman Brunecky, Hui Wei, Xiaowen Chen, Amie Sluiter, Min Zhang, Kimberly Magrini, Michael Himmel, John Sheehan, David Dayton, Joseph Bozell, William Adney, Andy Aden, Bonnie Hames, Steven Thomas, Richard Bain, Chien-Yuan Lin, Antonella Amore, Melvin Tucker, Stefan Czernik

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Biomass constitutes all the plant matter found on our planet, and is produced directly by photosynthesis, the fundamental engine of life on earth. It is the photosynthetic capability of plants to utilize carbon dioxide from the atmosphere that leads to its designation as a 'carbon neutral' fuel, meaning that it does not introduce new carbon into the atmosphere. This article discusses the life cycle assessments of biomass use and the magnitude of energy captured by photosynthesis in the form of biomass on the planet to appraise approaches to tap this energy to meet the ever-growing demand for energy.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationHandbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology
Subtitle of host publicationThirteenth Edition
EditorsJ. A. Kent, T. V. Bommaraju, S. D. Barnicki
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-2700-70217


  • biofuel
  • biomass
  • biopower
  • bioproduct
  • cellulase
  • cellulose
  • gasification
  • hemicellulase
  • hemicellulose
  • lignin
  • plant cell wall
  • pretreatment
  • pyrolysis
  • syngas


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