Building America Case Study: Rehabilitation of USDA Multifamily Homes, Georgia (Climate Zones 2-4)

V. Kochkin, M. Sweets, A. Francisco, S. Roberts

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


Rea Ventures Group, LLC, (Rea Ventures) partnered with Southface Energy Institute (Southface) on the rehabilitation of 418 low-income rental multifamily apartments located at 14 different properties in Georgia (Climate Zones 2-4). These 22-year old, individually-metered units were arranged in rowhouse or townhouse style units. Rehabilitation plans were developed using a process prescribed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development program, who partially funded the building upgrades. The USDA is responsible for building, upgrading, and subsidizing housing in rural areas nationwide. In 2012, over $100 million was allocated in grants and loans. Due to the unique financing mechanism as well as long-term ownership requirements, property owners are especially motivated to invest in upgrades that will increase durability and tenant retention. These buildings represent a large stock of rural affordable housing that have the potential for significant energy and cost savings for property owners and tenants. Southface analyzed the energy upgrade potential of one stereotypical property in the Rea Ventures portfolio. This study will provide insight into the most cost-effective, implementable energy efficiency and durability upgrades for this age multifamily housing, having an enormous impact not only on the portfolio of Rea Ventures but on the vast USDA and larger Federal portfolio. Additionally, Southface will identify gaps in the current capital needs assessment process, examine available audit and simulation tools and protocols, and evaluate additional auditor training or certification needs.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Work performed by Partnership for Home Innovation (PHI), Upper Marlboro, Maryland

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-5500-65146

Other Report Number

  • DOE/GO-102016-4782


  • Building America
  • capital needs assessment
  • home innovation
  • HUD
  • low-income
  • multifamily
  • PHI
  • rehabilitation
  • residential
  • residential buildings
  • retrofit
  • USDA


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